We’ve talked before about living like a caveman. Well, there’s a new book to support that called The Primal Blueprint. It was written by Mark Sisson, who says that the way our ancestors lived can help us become healthier and happier. Here’s how: 

  • First: Living like a caveman doesn’t necessarily mean a shorter life. It’s true that the stone age lifespan was short, but mostly because of infant mortality, wild beasts, and a lack of medical knowledge. In other words, Paleolithic people who survived into adulthood, and didn’t get eaten by a bear, lived into their 60s and 70s. Paleo-anthropologists also discovered that heart disease, a lot of cancers, and other diseases didn’t become issues until people started farming. 

  • Which brings us to tip #2: Stick to the “Primal diet” of our ancient ancestors. That means, no refined sugar, no starchy, high-carb veggies, like potatoes, and no grains, like bread and pasta. Instead, eat plenty of meat and fish, though you can skip the bugs they ate for protein. The book also recommends berries, nuts, and leafy greens. 

  • Another tip for living like our primal ancestors: Work like a caveman. Archaeological evidence shows that Paleolithic man “worked” between two and four hours a day. Of course, most of us can’t afford part-time hours, but the thinking is, to make the most of the time you’re not at work, by spending stress-free time with family and friends. 

  • Finally: Exercise like a caveman. Our ancestors spent their days taking long strolls, exploring the land, and migrating for the seasons, the kind of low-level activity that’s vital to a healthy life. The thinking is to not make exercise work. So instead of using a rowing machine at the gym, take a kayak out on a lake. Because when exercise is play, you’re more likely to do it.